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Major Events
Year
Essentials
1960
The National Primary and High School Science Fair (National Science Fair) was established in 1960. The National Science Fair is a contest/competition with different stages. Potential participants are selected by their schools to take part in the fairs held by the local government, and works that won in the competition are then qualified to compete in the National Primary and High School Science Fair; works are then divided into elementary group, high elementary group, junior high group and senior high group; the host of the science fair is the Ministry of Education, and the executive organization is the National Taiwan Science Education Center (NTSEC). 
1962
The National Science Fair specially established a “National Primary and High School Science Fair Guidance Committee”, which is responsible for the important decisions of major events, project processing and modification of implementation essentials of the National Science Fair, and also the consultant matters about the promotion of the science fair. The minister of the Ministry of Education or other people appointed by the minister served the post of the committee director.
1964
To facilitate teachers in improving their science teaching method, aside from elementary group, high elementary group, junior high group and senior high group, faculty group was added in the 5th National Science Fair.
1973
The judges of the National Science Fair were called “judge committee members” from the 1st to the 12th National Science Fair, and have been changed to “evaluation committee members” from the 13th to now.
1974
1.      From the 14th National Science Fair, the National Taiwan Science Education Center were given the authorization by the Ministry of Education to host and execute the National Primary and High School Science Fair. The Ministry of Education will act as the guidance organization.
2.      From the 14th National Science Fair, all the outstanding projects of each year are gathered and collected together, made into an album and published.
1981
From the 21st National Science Fair, the executive organization is coordinated by the Ministry of Education, invited by the Science Education Center and execute in turns by the government of each county and city. Taichung City was in charge of executing the 21st National Science Fair, which was held at the Taichung Municipal Cultural Center for 14 days from 29 March to 14 April 1981 (including competitions and pubic visitations).
1982
Science Service of the USA began inviting 2 secondary school students from Taiwan to take part in the International Science and Engineering Fair (ISEF) held by them. The 2 students were to be chosen and selected by the judges of the National Primary and High School Science Fair to represent our country. (at that time, Yung-Ya Lin of Kaohsiung Senior High School and Han-Yang Tseng of Songshan High School of Agriculture and Industry were chosen, and got the 4th special award of the American Chemical Society and 2nd award of the American Patent Law Association)
1985
The “National Primary and High School Science Fair Program” was amended to “National Primary and High School Science Fair Implementation Essentials”, which is a permanent process provided for education organizations of all levels. As a test, in 14 June 1985, the Ministry of Education applied this using Tai (74) No.24430 ratification.
1986
1.      After one year of implementation, the “National Primary and High School Science Fair Implementation Essentials” was reviewed and amended. In 24 September 1976, the Ministry of Education issued this using Tai (75) No.42273.
2.      From the 26th National Science Fair, the faculty group was removed from the fair groups.
1987
Enterprises, foundations, academic institutes enthusiastic about science education planned to sponsor the awards of the National Primary and High School Science Fair. Since there was not yet a unified award establishment regulation, thus the “Essentials for the Individual Awards of the National Primary and High School Science Fair” was specially established, and was approved and implemented by the Ministry of Education on 15 August 1987 using Tai (76) No.37517.
1988
In order to cultivate students’ correct moral perception in doing scientific research and to assure the safety of authors and viewers, began drafting a safety regulations for participating in the National Primary and High School Science Fair in 1988.
1989
1.      The safety regulations for the National Primary and High School Science Fair was approved by the Ministry of Education using Tai (78) No.04307 in 28 January 1989, and was officially implemented in the 30th National Science Fair in 1990.
2.      The achievement of the National Science Fair is widely popular and was praised and encouraged by the president. Since 1989, the president would meet the First award winners in each group and category of the National Primary and High School Science Fair, hoping to encourage and promote the scientific research trend among teenagers.
3.      Due to the outstanding performances of Taiwanese students, the International Science and Engineering Fair, from 1989 on, increased the number of students (from 2 to 6; 2 students each from Northern, Center and Southern Taiwan) to take part in their fair.
1991
1.      The tryouts for selecting the students to take part in the International Science and Engineering Fair are done separately from the National Science Fair, and is called “National science and Engineering Fair” (which was converted to “Taiwan International Science Fair” in 2002)
2.      A reward program for outstanding guidance teachers of the National Primary and High School Science Fair was established, and was approved by the Ministry of Education on 7 January 1991 using Tai (80) No.00919. This reward program was established to encourage and praise outstanding teachers. (rewarding outstanding guidance teachers of the 10th, 15th, 20th…5 th were added and listed to the rewards in 2002)
1992
In order to increase the chances of Taiwan students viewing other projects and facilitate cultural exchange, aiming to establish the internationalization for National Primary and High School Science Fair, we began inviting groups from countries around the Pacific to participate in the National Primary and High School Science Fair from the 32nd fair in 1992 (total of 7 projects from Canada, Japan, the Philippines, Singapore and Hong Kong).
2001
Due to the change of the Grades 1-9 curriculum teaching material, the National Primary and High School Science Fair made a few important changes, which were approved by the Ministry of Education on 17 January 2001 using Tai (90) No.90007023. Related amendments were implemented from the 42nd fair in 2002, and the highlights are as follows:
1.      The research subjects of participants are to use the teaching materials of that very year as the content of research, which are used as a achievement sample in science fairs held at the end of each academic year.
2.      Research targets are the environment, things and objects of the nearby areas of the participant’s house and school.
3.      Add school groups to strengthen the cultivation of the scientific research method they apply.
4.      Add awards such as groups, most creative and native teaching materials to encourage the local research of communities.
5.      Students below third grade are no longer allowed to take part in science fairs, using science games instead of scientific research.
6.      Observations of experiments are recorded and listed in the science fair result evaluation.  
2002
1. Instead of inviting groups from countries of the Pacific area to take part in the National Primary and High School Science Fair activities, we invited them to take part in the Taiwan International Science and Engineering Fair instead.
2. NTSEC recommended outstanding students from junior and senior high school to be advanced to higher schools during the National Science Fair and International Science Fair. The Ministry of Education abolished the “Essentials of recommending outstanding students in mathematics and science for education advancement” on 22 August 2001 using Tai (90) No.90118543. The “Education advancement counseling for junior high school students with outstanding grades in mathematics” was abolished since 2002, and outstanding students entering schools are all included in the “multiple-entrance program”. From 2002 on, recommendations are no longer proceeded.
2004
The implementation essentials of the National Primary and High School Science Fair were amended. On 1 October 2004, the amendments (please refer to the below points) were issued using Science Fair No.0930003471:
1. Due to the Grades 1-9 curriculum, the primary school subjects were changed to nature, mathematics and life and applied science; the junior high school subjects were changed to physics and chemistry, biology and earth science, mathematics and life and applied science.
2. Add the school principles participating in the National Science Fair as the subject for administrative reward.
2006
The implementation essentials of the National Primary and High School Science Fair were amended. On 14 October 2006, the amendments were issued using Science Fair No.0950004643, and the main points were: county/city group awards were divided into 2, and projects of 9 and under (including 9) sent to the fair belonged to the first group; projects of 10 and above (including 10) sent to the fair belonged to the second group; the total award mark is divided by the number of distributed projects, and the first 3 county/city of the 2 groups with the highest marks are ranked No.1, No.2 and No.3.  
2009
The implementation essentials of the National Primary and High School Science Fair were amended. On 19 January 2009, the amendments were issued using Science Fair No.0980000259:
1.      The science fair subjects went back to the cognition concept of the science field, adjusting back to the 6 subjects (physics, chemistry, biology, earth science, mathematics, life and applied science) made before 2004. 
2.      The National Primary and High School Science Fair guidance committee changed to the National Primary and High School Science Fair counseling committee.
3.      Each county/city government taking turns to execute was changed to each county/city government applying for the authority to execute.
4.      The implementation essentials of the National Primary and High School Science Fair were issued on 9 December 2009 using Science Fair No.0980004614: for junior high school, senior high school/vocational high school students working on science fair projects in groups, the group members were changed to 1 to 3 from 1 to 4.
2010
The implementation essentials of the National Primary and High School Science Fair were amended. On 8 December 2010, the implementation key points were issued using Science Fair No.0990004167:
1. Since Taipei County, Taichung City, Taichung County, Tainan City, Tainan County, Kaohsiung City and Kaohsiung County will be elevated to municipality on 25 December 2010, therefore the 25 counties/cities in the implementation essentials were changed to 22 municipalities and counties/cities, and the number of projects are distributed according to the ratio of the number of new students.
2. Projects awarded 1st place in the junior high school (students in 2nd year and above) group, high school group, and vocational high school group are allowed to skip the first stage of evaluation and participate in the Taiwan International Science Fair of the following year.